History of PDL


PDL (from the French: Psychodramaturgie Linguistique) was developed by Dr. Bernard und Marie Dufeu in 1977 and has since then been developed continuously.


The aim was to develop a pedagogical approach that was truly communicative. 

PDL specifically targets the participants linguistic needs and promotes free and spontaneous expression in the foreign language.


J. L. Moreno’s Psychodrama and Dramaturgy consist the basic foundations of PDL. These wer adapted for pedagogical use, specifically foreign language acquisition. Further influences include the Verbo-Tonal Method of Petar Guberina, Expression Spontanée of Willy Urbain and improvisation theatre.


PDL is a Pedagogy of the Encounter. The foreign language becomes a means for authentic communication within the group. PDL is participant and group-oriented. The person is addressed holistically: on the physical, emotional, and intellectual dimensions.


  • The importance of pronunciation in language acquisition;
  • The consideration of the dual dimension of language acquisition (content / behaviour);
  • The development of skills, behaviours and attitudes that enable, promote and intensify language acquisition;
  • Language is experienced instead of just learned. From the very first steps in the language, the language becomes a means to express thoughts and emotions;
  • The principle of the relational progression as the basis for language acquisition Progression; the participants experience the foreign language first in relation to themselves and then in relation to the Other;
  • The use of neutral masks in the first days; perception of the prosodic characteristics of the language and concentration in general are heightened;
  • The concept of dramaturgical forces during the set up of the exercises and the choice of class materials.



Fields of Application

PDL is used in various scholastics contexts for a variety of purposes; for example in foreign language acquisition for adults, also in the context of business, for children and adolescents, for integration and inclusion courses. PDL is also used in the preparation for oral examinations, as well as in soft-skill training.